Seizures are an unusual outburst of electric impulse or nerve signal originated mainly from the brain. This is the most common neurological disorders affecting your pet dogs. When the seizure period starts your dogs do not place their tongue inside their mouth since there is a high possibility they might bite it off.
As a pet owner, it is essential that you are familiar with the symptoms of a dog having a seizure. When a seizure happens you will need to place your dog on the ground and maintain this lying position during the course of the seizure attack in order to avoid further injuries. Knowing dog seizure symptoms will go a long way in protecting your dog.
You also need to be well aware that as dogs experience jerky movements, their body temperature rises when the condition lasts longer than a few minutes this can sometimes result in heatstroke.
Symptoms of a seizure in a dog
Prodome Stage: This occurs as your pet experience an alteration in mood and behavior which can go on for several hours and even up to days.
Aura Stage: This is the second stage of dog seizure symptoms. This composes commencing signs that will prompt you about the beginning of the seizure attack. This may take a couple of seconds to hours. This stage is characterized by apparent anxiety, looking for a place to hide, shaking, and even trembling. In most cases you can dogs with increased salvation, wandering, restlessness, and whining.
Ictal Stage: This occurs when the dog displays an unusual increase in body activity that persists for a couple of seconds up to five minutes. More so, the dog experiences intense muscle contraction that you can observe the sudden loss of consciousness, paralysis, and inability to move about extreme drooling, bladder and bowel incontinence, and more. If the seizure continues for more than five minutes, the dog may experience status epilepticus (SE) or a prolonged seizure.
Postal ictal Stage: This is the last stage in a dog seizure attack. When the episode subsided, the dog will likely to experience disorientation, confusion, extreme thirst and hunger, pacing, salivation, and restlessness.
Dog seizure triggers
Plenty of causes have been known as to why dogs experience seizure disorders. However, there are five known reasons that contribute to this event.
One of these dog seizure symptoms is epilepsy which is the most popular cause. However, it is not true that having a seizure causes your dog to acquire epilepsy.
Genetics plays a role when dogs acquire seizure disorders through hereditary traits. Some breeds such as Dachshund, German Shepherd, Golden Retriever, and Poodle are the ones prone to manifest seizure symptoms in dogs.
There are also studies that prove the existence of a brain tumor as one of the culprits. Most commonly, tumors develop in older dogs which lead to even weaker and paralyzed extremities.
Head injuries can also contribute to seizure attacks since dogs have vulnerable skulls and if they get damaged, they may cause a surge of pressure leading to a seizure.
Lastly, environmental toxins such as flea powders and other anti-parasitic substances in dogs can actually be harmful to their health once ingested. Products containing chocolate and lead also contain toxins and should not be fed to your pet.
What to do after your dog has a seizure
When dog seizure attacks, dog owners can help their pets return to a normal state by calling their name and secure their safety. There is no need to perform an invasive intervention. You can keep the dog lying on the ground as the episode begins so as to ensure no further physical injury. If the seizure attack went on for more than one minute, the dog should be referred to its vet for an examination.
For those of you who are visual learners, check out the following video discussing What causes seizures in pets.